What are the dimensions and materials of household

2022-07-22
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Stairs can be seen everywhere around us. Stairs are often used in our work and life. In addition to the most common concrete structure stairs integrated with buildings, there are many other stairs made of materials. Of course, most of them are indoor stairs, and the forms are relatively diverse. For example, the rotating stairs lead to the upper floor around a column. The revolving staircase is popular because of its beautiful and elegant streamline shape and space saving. But what is the size standard of the rotating stairs? Let's talk about this problem. At the same time, let's enjoy some pictures of the rotating stairs by the way

household revolving stairs should also have a certain size, which should not be too large, of course, not too small. Therefore, the size of household rotating stairs must be selected well, and the size of stair steps should also be standardized and reasonable. Do you know the size standard of household revolving stairs? What is the stair step size specification? Improper size will bring inconvenience to life and sometimes cause safety accidents. Rotating stairs save space. If the space is relatively small, generally speaking, the minimum opening size of rotating stairs can be 1300*1300mm, or 1400*1100mm

what materials are there for the rotating stairs

1. Solid wood stairs

stair keel, steps and fences are made of full solid wood; In the decoration of stairs, solid wood is widely used. Wood floors sold in the market can be directly paved as pedals. Of course, it is more ideal to use pure solid wood as pedals. Handrails can also be made of corresponding wood. The characteristic of solid wood is natural, soft and warm, which is generally used by families

2. Steel wood stairs

the keel of the stairs is steel structure, the step board is solid wood, and the fence is made of solid wood or stainless steel; In the homes of some more modern young people and artists, steel and wood are used more. The coldness shown by steel and wood and the color and luster of the material itself are very modern

3. Steel glass stairs

the keel of the stairs is steel structure, the step board is tempered glass, and the fence is made of stainless steel and other materials; The permeability of glass itself is even more remarkable when it is used as stair decoration. Now there are spray glass and inlaid glass on the market, which can be used in the handrail of stairs. The more wonderful use is to make the stairs hollow, with embedded light tubes, and use special glass as the baseboard to make the stairs that can shine

4. Stone and cement stairs

the keel of stone and cement stairs is of stone or cement structure. The fence can be made of stone, solid wood and other materials. The surface material is generally made of cement mortar, which can be used as terrazzo surface course or overlaid with cylinder bricks and marble, as well as linoleum, plastic paving and carpet. When the step is close to the tread, cement emery, mosaic, plastic, rubber and other anti-skid strips can be used, or grooved ceramic or metal materials can be used to wrap the tread, which also plays a protective role

rotating stair size standard

rotating stairs save space. If the space is relatively small, generally speaking, the minimum opening size of rotating stairs can be 1300*1300mm, or 1400*1100mm. But now there is only one central stress point for the central column rotating stairs. Walking on the outside, such a structure will cause the step board to shake up and down. This is a common disadvantage of the central column rotating stairs. If the passage radius of the stairs is larger, the pedal will shake more severely. The bearing capacity of rotating stairs is generally 150kg to 200kg, in contrast, the bearing capacity of other finished steel and wood stairs is generally about 400kg

step height and depth: the step height should be 15-18 cm, and the step depth should be 22-27 cm. The step number is about 15 steps. If it is too high, it may be necessary to set a stair rest platform

the steps should be controlled to 20-30cm, and the height of the highest step to the ceiling should have a clearance of more than two meters, with a minimum of not less than 1.8m. The center distance between the two railings should be 8 cm, no more than 12.5cm. The height of the handrail to the waist is 85-90cm, and the diameter of the handrail is 5.5cm

precautions in the design of indoor stairs in families

first, in order to avoid the illusion of going up and down stairs, the height of the first step and the last step of the stairs should be the same as that of other steps. If it needs to be changed, it should be controlled within 4 cm, preferably no more than 2 cm ~ 3 cm

second, the height from the highest step of the stairs to the ceiling needs to have a clearance of more than two meters, at least not less than 1. 8 meters, otherwise there will be a sense of oppression

third, railing spacing: the center distance between two railings should be 8 cm, not more than 12. 5cm to prevent children from sticking their heads out of the gap

fourth, armrest height: to the waist position, 85 ~ 90 cm, armrest diameter is 5. 5cm is good

fifth, step height and depth: the step height should be 15 ~ 18 cm, and the step depth should be 22 ~ 27 cm. The step number is about 15 steps. If it is too high, it may be necessary to set a stair rest platform

sixth, stair width: when one side is facing the air, the net width is not less than 75 cm; When there are walls on both sides, the net width shall not be less than 90 cm

seventh, safety: stair components should be smooth and round, without protruding and sharp parts. For families with children and the elderly, the slope of the stairs should be slow, and the rotation angle should not be too large; Anti skid measures shall be taken for stair treads, such as anti-skid strips, anti-skid pads, anti-skid grooves, etc

eighth, stair lighting: too dark light is not conducive to walking safety, and too bright light is prone to glare. Therefore, the light of stairs should be soft and clear

ninth, stair style: the stair design should be consistent with the decoration style

tenth, the problem of stair noise: it is related to the connection of various parts of the pedal. When using, it should not produce too much noise, so as not to affect the rest of family members

editor's summary: the rotating stairs cannot be used as the main pedestrian traffic and evacuation stairs, but because of its beautiful, elegant and space saving streamline shape, it is often used in office buildings and residential buildings with few floors, or as architectural sketches arranged in courtyards or indoors

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